Regulations are rules developed by agencies in the executive branch of government. Authority to make these rules comes from state statutes passed by the legislature. Assuming that regulations are properly authorized and publicized, they have the force and effect of law.
After a regulation is adopted by a state agency, it is forwarded on to the lieutenant governor's office for filing. Regulations typically become effective 30 days after they are filed, and the original copies are retained in the office for five years. All adopted regulations are published in the Alaska Administrative Code (AAC).
From Alaska Statute 44.62.080:
(a) The lieutenant governor shall:
(1) endorse on the certified copy of each regulation or order of repeal filed, the time and date of filing; and
(2) maintain, for five years after filing, a permanent file of the certified copies of regulations and orders of repeal for public inspection; after the certified copies have been on file for five years, the lieutenant governor shall transfer the permanent file of the copies to the state archivist (AS 40.21.020 ) annually, on or before January 1 of each year.
Except in the case of emergency regulations, departments are required to provide public notice when regulations are proposed and when they are adopted. Notices are published to a widely distributed newspaper in the state and to the Online Public Notice (OPN) system. This process allows the public to review and comment on regulations before they are are adopted, and to learn when a regulation becomes effective.